Customs Clearance

Customs clearance is the act of taking goods through the customs authority to facilitate the movement of cargo into a country (import) and outside the country (export). Also, the customs clearance means a document issued by the customs authority to a shipper indicating that all duties have been paid and the shipper’s goods is cleared for export.

The Importance of Custom Clearance:

Customs clearance is a necessary procedure before goods can be imported or exported internationally. Before shipping various goods, a shipper may wonder what customs clearance means and how it’s relevant to their shipping options. Every international ocean freight shipment must meet the quota of customs clearance in each country.

What is Goods Value? Why is it important?

Customs clearance is a necessary procedure before goods can be imported or exported internationally. Before shipping various goods, a shipper may wonder what customs clearance means and how it’s relevant to their shipping options. Every international ocean freight shipment must meet the quota of customs clearance in each country.

Customs clearance is a necessary procedure in permitting goods that are transported to a country through an authorized customs broker. Within this process, there’s also information regarding shipments with imports and exports with parties involved in the process.

Certificate of Origin and Invoice is the related documents to the value of purchased goods that are officially assessed at Customs. The first customs criterion for determining the value of goods is the invoice of the owner of the goods. The factor of prices at  Customs is the value determined by the Assessment Office and Iran Customs Tariff declared to the Customs Administration. Since the input of some goods is determined according to the value of the goods, the under-declaration of the value of the goods causes less payment of import duties.

Documents determining the value of goods

Necessary conditions for the clearance of goods

In order to clear the goods from customs, the necessary permits, work permit card and business card issued by the Iranian Customs Organization must be obtained.
Customs clearance steps
All Iranians customs

Customs clearance steps

As an importer or a custom broker you need to prepare all the documents for import and customs clearance in advance. The most needed documents are Bill of Lading, Commercial Invoice (CI), Advice of Arrival, Packing List (PL) Shipment Certificate, Purchase Order or LC. You need to follow shipment process at the related shipping company site order to discharge it on time. As soon as the shipment arrives to the port you should start the clearance process of the imported consignment otherwise you have to pay demurrage. In fact demurrage is a penalty for late return of the container that must be paid by the owner of the goods based on shipping tariff and the number of days delayed. Accelerating clearance process and following customs formalities can guarantee that the container would be returned to the owner on the appropriate defined timing and would avoid unwanted demurrage cost. If clearance process prolongs another charge would be added to the list and it should be paid to the port authorities that is called warehousing charges.

From the arrival time of the ship carrying the goods and unloading the containers in the port administration area, for the number of containers and the days the containers are in the yard of the customs office, warehousing charges and port tolls shall be paid to port authorities  upon the tariff. All these costs and charges are undertaken by the owner of the goods that need to be paid before the departure of goods from the mentioned area.

The cost of customs clearance

A tariff or duty (the words are used interchangeably) is a tax levied by governments on the value including freight and insurance of imported or exported products. Different tariffs applied to different products by different countries.

Once you know the classification number or an HS (harmonized) code for the product you are importing, look up the corresponding tariff (duty) rate by consulting tariff resources such as Customs Catalog that includes a description of the goods and a table containing the customs duties and taxes applicable to the various goods. Assessing the goods and choosing the correct tariff is of great importance. If the imported or exported consignment is declared and the declarations do not match the contents of the consignment, the customs will impose a fine according to the difference between the declaration and the consignment. Also if the declarant of goods uses other tariffs with the intention of paying less duties, he will have to pay heavy fines.

For example: what is the tariff for electric iron?

The related code is an eight-digit code that shows the tariff of the above-mentioned goods: e.g. 85164000

Marjan Tejarat Darya Company owns a team with extensive knowledge and experience in all related customs processes including consulting and tariff advice.

to undertake goods clearance with attention to detail. Our team guarantees correct procedures are implemented to protect our clients from unnecessary delays and ensure all import and export cargo are cleared quickly and efficiently.

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